If current levels of child marriages hold,
This research explores what it means to work with men and boys and on issues of masculinity when addressing CEFM in India. The research focuses on the interrelatedness of masculinities—the range of perspectives about the position of men in society and related social expectations for how men should look and act—and caste ideologies.
Research Goals Review existing theoretical and empirical research on the experiences of boys, the roles of men and the broader field of masculinities in the context of CEFM. Describe the landscape of interventions with or on boys and men around CEFM and highlight possible entry points for working with boys and men on masculinities.
Identify the gaps in our understanding of masculinities and CEFM and develop a possible research agenda to fill them.
Methodology Literature review related to CEFM, with a focus on how the experiences of boys and men in India and their understanding of masculinity inform perception of CEFM and strategies to address it. Eleven in-depth interviews and four focus group discussions with a total of 24 development professionals working in 10 organizations across seven locations in India Long-term engagement with two organizations working on CEFM in India.
When men appear in literature on CEFM, it is most often as the patriarchal oppressor or in a depiction of aggressive masculinity.
Review Of Related Literature Rotz, () conducted a research on why have divorce rates fallen? The role of women’s age at marriage. In this article, he used four different experimental methods, to show that age at marriage is the major marriage, early marriage and education on the possibility of separation. A result using the. Early marriage as a main health challenge related to children in Nepal Child marriage is recognized globally as a public health problem and it has been reflected in many international legal instruments. Diane Ackerman, One Hundred Names for Love: A Stroke, A Marriage, and the Language of Healing, Marriage. It's like a cultural hand-rail. It links folks to the past and guides them to the future.
The male subject of CEFM research is usually from a poor and marginalized socio-economic background—and as a result, this particular class of male masculinity is most frequently presented and analyzed as a problem.
Young people of all genders often view marriage as a way to fulfill their desires, which may include desire for sex; desire to enter adulthood; desire for release from parental control; desire for privacy; and, in some cases, desire for further education and a career.
The assumption that girls or young women are always victims of CEFM and that boys and young men are always perpetrators of patriarchal processes precludes a more nuanced understanding of the phenomena they are faced with in regard to marriage.
Laws intended to prevent child marriage are being used to deny adolescents their agency and right to marry of their own will.
The law acts as a tool for reinforcing caste ideology and heteronormativity. In India, legal action is often taken by parents to disrupt consensual relationships in which adolescents eloped.
Very few researchers have explored how anxieties around caste purity in India are central to the phenomena of CEFM. In particular, anxieties about masculinity related to caste and religion often fuel CEFM.
Economic transitions in rural India have led to new forms of insecurity and poverty that generate crises of masculinity, as men often feel social pressure to earn money for their families. During times of economic hardship, marriages and weddings often help families secure social status and conserve resources and allow fathers to perform a masculine duty expected by their community.
Addressing the question of equal right to property is crucial for addressing coercion in early marriage. The unequal right to inheritance in the natal home contributes to CEFM in many ways, including the practice of dowry and related violence.
It also reinforces preference for sons. The heteronormative focus of research on child marriage ignores tensions about performing traditional masculinity and sexuality. However, the pressure of marriage is a matter of social structure and a performance of responsibility. Thus, a man is often coerced into marrying—not to prove his heterosexuality, but to prove his adulthood and his responsibility, regardless of his sexuality.
The mobile phone has become a central feature in narratives of sexuality, romance and aspiration as well as a marker of masculinity.
The realms of intimacy and sexuality are being radically reconfigured though the advent of new technology. Recommendations CEFM needs to be disaggregated into the various phenomena within it—including elopements, hasty marriages and arranged marriages of desire—so researchers can increase understanding of the disparate conditions that young people and children face.
Researchers must recognize how caste ideology and logic underlie the social, political, economic and cultural conditions for CEFM and for masculinities in India.
Advocates attempting to end CEFM should reconsider their attempts to use criminal law as part of their solutions, as it often does more harm than good. Instead, advocates should help refine and support a broader feminist approach to ending CEFM, engaging with the political economy at the macro and micro levels and advancing equal property and inheritance rights.
Researchers need to further investigate the range of social norms for young men and boys and better understand how these norms shape their life choices, possibilities and experiences in the context of CEFM. Researchers and activists need to keep exploring how ideas of marriage and its social meaning are evolving—particularly in terms of how marriage is used as a rite of passage to mark the transition to adulthood in many communities.
Finally, there is a need to more deeply examine technology in the context of gender, sexuality and relationships among young people—and the plethora of interesting and important questions this topic can generate.Feb 15, · Marriage is a thing we build by constantly tearing it down.
Leslie Jamison is the author of an essay collection, “The Empathy Exams,” winner of the Graywolf Press Nonfiction Prize. Research within librarian-selected research topics on Marriage from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more.
Home» Browse» Psychology» Relationships and the Family» Marriage. Loss of girlhood and health problems related to early pregnancy are not the only hazards confronting young brides.
Even though some parents believe early marriage will protect their daughters from sexual violence, the reverse is often true, according to UN studies.
Marriage Research Papers look at the how marriage should be and the reasons why some of them fail. Research papers on the topic of marriage consider many aspects of the legal institution. You can have any topic concerning marriage focused on in a research paper for a sociology, psychology, religion or even history course.
education on arranged marriage in the economics literature. There is an anthropological and sociological literature that uses case study methods and multivariate statistical models to. 1. A research literature review of existing knowledge on forced marriage in the Middle East and North East Africa.
2. Case studies of at least 10 services users from the Middle East and North East Africa exploring their experiences of forced marriage and their support needs. 3.