History of drug and alcohol abuse

This list has been copied from The Schaffer Library of Drug Policyand BP has added additional text regarding events we know off and think are important where possible all fact-checked with references and links where poss.

History of drug and alcohol abuse

Thinking About Getting Rehab? Drug Trends Prior to Drug abuse has plagued the American continent since the s, when morphine, heroin and cocaine were hailed for their amazing curative properties.

By the midth century, however, illicit drug use was all but eradicated in the US through focused national and global suppression of the industry.

Alcohol History

All that changed in the s when many new and exotic drugs, such as hallucinogens, amphetamines and marijuana, became more readily available. The proliferation of these substances birthed many government agencies, all commissioned to counter the scourge of illegal drugs.

These bureaucracies, in turn, needed statistical information in order to effectively understand the scope of their task.

In due course, they discovered that: Between andfirst-time cocaine users averaged 1. Bythat number dwindled toIn5, Americans confessed to smoking marijuana on a frequent basis.

Inthe Office of Drug Control Policy detected an increase in heroin use among youth and young adults. Between and5. Historical Drug Abuse Beer Since the dawn of history, mankind has found ways to relieve the daily grind of life.

In ancient Mesopotamia the area now known as Iraqagriculture slowly began to flourish, and a large network of city states started to gain prominence. With the cultivation of wheat and barley came another product: After all, the water wasn't particularly healthy, and the weak alcohol content in beer killed off a lot of harmful organisms in the water.

While the beer wasn't particularly strong, it also wasn't particularly nice, as the concept of sterility was unknown in 3, BCE.

However, beer was consumed in bulk, and even the gods enjoyed getting drunk. Consequently, addiction to alcohol was rampant in the so-called cradle of civilization, and people during that time generally lived much shorter lives thanks to disease and, presumably, drunkenness.

History of Drug Abuse Quiz question 1 Opium Throughout the time that beer was gaining popularity, the Indians, Assyrians and Egyptians were cultivating and preparing opium from the opium poppy.

Indeed, the upper classes of many civilizations would use this to relax and pass time, although some uses are much less benign.

Natural History of Substance Use Disorders

One Egyptian scroll recommends using opium to soothe a crying baby. History of Drug Abuse Quiz question 2 Hallucinogens and Natural Highs Moving on 15 centuries, the cults of Dionysus, Demeter and Persephone in ancient Greece used a special form of mead fermented honey or beer to induce visions known as mysteries.

Naturally, there is something very mystical in seeing hallucinations, and plants containing entheogens natural chemicals that induce hallucinations have been widely cultivated throughout the world; these include the peyote cactus, fly agaric, and cannabis. Clearly, this is a form of drug abusealthough it was a socially acceptable one at the time.

While the Romans embraced these drugs for recreational use because of the ease of obtaining them through trade, there was a long period of time after the fall of the Roman empire known as the Dark Ages where relatively few intoxicants were imported to Europe.

Over the Atlantic, the Aztecs, Incas and Mayans were experimenting with peyote, cannabis and mescaline to induce shamanic visions.

History of Drug Abuse Quiz question 3 Cocaine During the second millennium, world trade started to be more prominent. After that, the American continent became ripe for development.

Various conquistadors discovered the drugs that kept the locals going, especially cocainewhich was touted as a wonder cure for all ailments.

Sir Walter Raleigh famously introduced dried tobacco leaves to England, where they were controlled and taxed heavily. Again, abuse of tobacco led to very expensive addictions, as it was a risky but incredibly profitable voyage for those who made it over the Atlantic.

Related Topics

It started arriving in Europe and the Americas in bulk in the late 17th century, when it swiftly became a problem. With improved ships that could carry more cargo, traders could get almost anywhere in the world and bring back whatever they could get their hands on.Family history of alcoholism or drug addiction Whether a person decides to use alcohol or drugs is a choice, influenced by their environment--peers, family, and availability.

But, once a person uses alcohol or drugs, the risk of developing alcoholism or drug dependence is largely influenced by genetics. This timeline presents events in the history of alcohol and drinking over the past 12, years. World History of Wine Timeline Follow the story of wine from its beginnings to the present time.

History of drug and alcohol abuse

Alcohol Rehab Kansas: Individualized Substance Abuse Treatment Programs, Individualized Treatment! Follow these links to learn more about the history of drug abuse and alcohol abuse in the United States: A Social History of America’s Most Popular Drugs; Perspectives on the History of Psychoactive Substance Use; Substance Abuse and America: Historical Perspective on the Federal Response to a Social Phenomenon;.

Rehab For Alcohol Addiction Sydney: We Can Help You, Early Intervention, Outpatient And Intensive In-Home Levels Of Substance Abuse Treatment Services! — Drug Abuse Warning Network and National Household Survey on Drug Abuse are initiated under the Special Action Office for Drug Abuse Prevention.

— NIDA is established as the Federal focal point for research, treatment, prevention, training, services, and data collection on the nature and extent of drug abuse.

History of Drug Abuse: The 40’s